07.11.2017 539 Accesări
CASE STUDIES OF NATIONAL ADAPTATION M&E SYSTEMS:
POLICY CONTEXT AND PURPOSE
The Climate Change Adaptation Strategy of the Republic of Moldova (2014) provides an integrated vision to react to the impacts of climate change. Moldova is currently establishing a NAP process and Sectoral Adaptation Planning processes (SAP), which are coordinated by the Climate Change Adaptation Coordination Mechanism (CCACM) and chaired by the National Commission on Climate Change (NCCC).
CONTENT OF THE ADAPTATION M&E SYSTEM
The goal of the M&E system is to ensure progress on adaptation across geographic scales, time, and sectors can be measured, and to determine whether, as a result of its successive plans, Moldova is less vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. The adaptation M&E system will monitor: a) progress and evaluate impacts of implemented policies; b) implementation of adaptation related planning, technologies and practices; c) development and dissemination of adaptation related knowledge and research; and d) adaptation related financing and investments, including external support received.
The M&E framework is based on the need to monitor progress towards achieving resilient economic growth. It monitors sector-based activity as well as their aggregate impact on the overall economy. Tracking of national or sectoral adaptation achievements at the outcome level will be accompanied by assessing the adaptation results of individual actions. The indicator-based M&E system consists of four types of indicators and is operated through the Climate Change Adaptation Information System, consisting of a monitoring platform designed to facilitate data management and monitoring, and an online portal intended for presenting public information:
- Driver indicators: measuring the result of actions targeting the drivers of change, including: a) mobilized resources; b) capacity to plan adaptation; c) knowledge on climate risks, impacts, and vulnerabilities;
- Output indicators: measuring the implementation of adaptation actions included in the Sectoral Adaptation Planning;
- Outcome indicators: measuring the result of the Sectoral Adaptation Planning in terms of reduced sectoral vulnerability and advancing in adaptation/resilience;
- Objective indicators: measuring the aggregate result of a NAP cycle, in terms of impacts on the vulnerability of the Moldovan economy and progress on adaptation.
In addition, Moldova is implementing the climate budget tagging (CBT) process that aims at improving the understanding of how much is being spent on national climate change responses. Four Climate Change Budget Indicators (CCBIs)/climate markers have been established: a) policy development and governance; b) research and development; c) knowledge sharing and capacity building; and d) climate response and service delivery. The whole M&E system is supporting the Republic of Moldova's communication to UNFCCC on adaptation and will either become part of the national communication or a separate document as adaptation communication.
EXPERIENCES AND LESSONS LEARNED
A holistic M&E system, covering both national and sectoral objectives and priorities, and taking different types of indicators into account, can assess economy-wide adaptation progress. Climate budget tagging provides supplementary information on the overall spending volume and its distribution among spending categories. At the same time, possibilities of allowing adaptation monitoring at regional and global levels need to be considered to achieve the greatest synergies. The implementation of M&E needs to be accompanied by strong capacity building activities to engage stakeholders and create ownership and vertical integration from local to national levels.
ADAPTATION GAP REPORT 2017
CHAPTER 4: COUNTRY-SPECIFIC ASSESSMENTS OF ADAPTATION PROGRESS, p. 23